Economist – Definition, Types, Work Area




An Economist is a professional who studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.

The main focus of an economist is to understand how people use and exchange resources. They also study how economic systems work and how they impact people’s lives.

Types of Economist

Some Types of Economists are as follows:

  • Micro-economists
  • Macroeconomists
  • Financial economists
  • International economists
  • Industrial economists
  • Labour economists
  • Public finance economist
  • Econometrician
  • Academic economist


Micro-economists are experts in the field of economics who focus on analyzing and researching microeconomic theories and phenomena. They use their skills to study how individuals and businesses make decisions regarding the allocation of resources and pricing. Additionally, micro-economists may also analyze data to predict future economic trends.


Macroeconomists are social scientists who study the economy as a whole. They look at how economic factors such as inflation, unemployment, and interest rates affect people and businesses. Macroeconomists also develop theories and models to explain how the economy works.

Financial economists

Financial economists are experts in the field of economics who specialize in financial markets and institutions. They use their knowledge of economic theory and quantitative methods to study topics such as asset pricing, corporate finance, financial intermediation, and market microstructure. Financial economists also work on policy issues related to financial regulation and market development.

International economists

International economists are those who study economic activity that occurs between different countries. They may also be referred to as global economists or international macroeconomists.

Most international economists work in the field of finance, and their research is focused on topics such as foreign exchange rates, international trade, and global capital markets. In addition to finance, international economics also overlaps with fields such as development economics, econometrics, and economic history.

Industrial economists

Industrial economists are those who study the economic activities of firms and industries. They try to understand how these firms and industries operate and make decisions, in order to explain and predict their behavior. Industrial economists often work with data on firm productivity, prices, costs, demand and supply. Their work is important for understanding how economies work, and for policymaking purposes.

Labour economists

A labour economist is someone who studies the economic activity of labour markets. In other words, they look at how people are employed and how this affects economic outcomes.

Public finance economist

Public finance economists work closely with government officials to ensure that tax revenue is used efficiently and effectively to fund public services. They also provide advice on how to raise additional revenue through taxation or other means.


An econometrician is someone who uses economic and statistical theory to analyze data in order to make better economic decisions. They use their skills to develop models and conduct research in areas such as labor economics, macroeconomics, and microeconomics.

Econometricians typically have a strong background in mathematics and statistics. They use this knowledge to develop models that can be used to make predictions about future economic trends. In addition to their mathematical skills, econometricians must also be able to effectively communicate their findings to others.

Academic economist

An academic economist is someone who studies the economy and writes about their findings. They may work at a university, think tank, or research institution.

Academic economists use economic theories to analyze real-world problems and policy issues. They often study how different economic systems work, how people make decisions about what to produce and consume, and how government policies affect the economy.

Academic economists typically have a Ph.D. in economics. They use their skills in math and statistics to analyze data and build economic models. Their research helps inform policymakers about the potential effects of proposed policies on the economy.

What Do Economists Do

Economists are social scientists who study the production and distribution of goods and services. They use both theoretical and empirical methods to analyze economic issues. They use analytical and statistical methods to examine data and identify trends. Economists develop theories to explain economic phenomena, test these theories using data, and make policy recommendations.

What Skills Must an Economist Have

In order to be a successful economist, one must have strong analytical skills. They must be able to understand and interpret data, as well as identify trends. They must also be excellent communicators, both in writing and verbally.

Economists must also have a strong understanding of micro- and macroeconomics. They need to know how different economic policies can impact the overall economy, as well as how they can impact specific sectors or industries. Additionally, they should have knowledge of game theory and statistical analysis.

Economists need to be able to work well under pressure and meet deadlines. They often have to work long hours, especially when working on consulting projects or during times of economic turmoil.

Where Economist Work

There are many places where economist work. They can work in the government, private businesses, or even non-profit organizations. Regardless of where they work, their job is to help make decisions by analyzing data and providing advice on economic policy.

Some economists work in the government to help develop policies that will improve the economy. They may work for the local government, state government, or even the federal government. Their job is to provide analysis on various issues and offer recommendations on what policies would be most effective.

Private businesses also employ economists. They may work in a variety of industries, such as banking, manufacturing, or healthcare. Their job is to help the company make decisions about pricing, investment, and other factors that can impact the bottom line.

Economists also work for non-profit organizations. These organizations include think tanks and education foundations. The economist may work as a researcher, writing studies and reports about relevant issues.

How to Become An Economist

There are a few things you can do to become an economist.

  • Get a degree in economics. You can do this by going to college and taking classes in micro- and macroeconomics, econometrics, and other related fields.
  • Get experience in the field. This can be done by working in a bank, government agency, or consulting firm.
  • Join professional organizations such as the American Economic Association or the National Association for Business Economics.
  • Keep up with economic news and research to stay current on new developments in the field.

About the author

Muhammad Hassan

I am Muhammad Hassan, a Researcher, Academic Writer, Web Developer, and Android App Developer. I have worked in various industries and have gained a wealth of knowledge and experience. In my spare time, I enjoy writing blog posts and articles on a variety of Academic topics. I also like to stay up-to-date with the latest trends in the IT industry to share my knowledge with others through my writing.