What is Art – Definition, Types, Examples

What is Art



Art is often considered to be the expression or application of human creative skill and imagination. It can take the form of paintings, sculptures, prints, drawings, pottery, photography, video, filmmaking, and music.

The definition of art is subjective and has changed throughout history. For some people, art is a way to express their feelings or tell a story. Others may see it as a form of entertainment or a way to relax. Some may view it as a form of political protest or social commentary. Whatever the purpose or meaning of art may be, it is sure to evoke emotion and spark creativity.

History of Art

The history of art is often told as a history of objects. But art is not just about the things we make. It’s also about the way we see the world around us. It is a story that has been told through the ages, from the first cave paintings to the modern art of today. It is a story that has been shaped by the people and cultures of the world.

Art has always been a part of human culture. The first cave paintings date back to around 30,000 BCE. These early paintings show animals and hunting scenes. They are some of the oldest examples of art in the world.

Over time, art has evolved and changed. New styles and techniques have been developed. Artists have used art to express their ideas and feelings about the world around them. Art has been used to record history, tell stories, and give people pleasure. Today, there are many different types of art, from painting and sculpture to photography and video art. In the 1980s and 1990s, a form of art called graffiti became popular in cities around the world. It was done by spray-painting words and designs on public walls. The first graffiti artists were New York City teenagers who sprayed their names on subway trains.

Plato, a Greek philosopher of the fourth century B.C., said that artists have a special gift from God. He believed that artists are able to see the invisible, eternal forms of things. He said that these artists try to capture their images in their art through proportion, rhythm, and harmony.

Types of Arts

There are many types of Arts, Some of them are as follows:

  • Painting
  • Sculpture
  • Literature
  • Architecture
  • Cinema
  • Music
  • Theater
  • Dance


Painting is a type of art that is created by using pigments on a surface. The pigments are usually mixed with a binder, such as oil or water, to create a medium. Painting has been used for centuries to represent different ideas and emotions.

There are many different types of painting, such as oil painting, acrylic painting, and watercolor painting. Each type of painting has its own unique characteristics. Oil paintings are known for their rich colors and ability to capture light. Acrylic paintings are known for their durability and versatility. Watercolor paintings are known for their transparent quality and delicate nature.


Sculpture is a type of Art that involves creating three-dimensional objects. The objects can be made from any material, but most commonly sculptures are made from stone, metal, or wood. Sculptures can be either representational or abstract. Representational sculptures depict people or things in lifelike detail, while abstract sculptures may feature geometric shapes or stylized forms.

Sculpture has been used throughout history to communicate ideas and stories. Ancient cultures created statues of gods and goddesses to honor their religion. In the Middle Ages, artists carved religious scenes into the stone walls of churches. Today, artists continue to create sculptures that explore a wide range of subjects, from personal to political.


Literature is a type of art that uses language as its medium. It can be in the form of novels, short stories, plays, poems, or even essays. The aim of literature is to evoke emotions and thoughts in the reader, and to create a connection between the reader and the characters in the story.

One of the earliest examples of literature is The Epic of Gilgamesh, which was written in Mesopotamia around 2000 BC. This epic poem tells the story of Gilgamesh, a Sumerian king who goes on a journey to find immortality after his friend Enkidu dies. The poem explores themes of loss, grief, and mortality.


Architecture has been called “the mother of the arts.” It is the basic structural form of all our surroundings, whether natural or man-made.

As a type of art, architecture is concerned with the design and construction of buildings and other physical structures. Architects are the creative minds behind these designs. They use their knowledge of materials, engineering, and aesthetics to create functional and beautiful structures.

While architecture can be found all around us, it is not always easy to define. Some believe that architecture is more than just buildings—it is also about landscape, urban design, and even furniture. Others argue that architecture must be functional first and foremost; form should follow function.


Cinema is a type of art that involves the use of film to tell a story. Cinema has the ability to capture the emotions of its audience and create an immersive experience. Films are typically shot using a camera and then edited together to create a cohesive story. Cinematography, the art of filmmaking, encompasses all aspects of the filmmaking process, from pre-production to post-production.


Music has been called the universal language because it is a form of communication that can be understood by everyone. Music is a type of art that uses sound to express emotions and ideas. It can be used to tell a story, or to just make people feel good.

Music has been around for thousands of years, and there are many different types of music. Some types of music are classical, jazz, rock, and rap. Each type of music has its own unique history and sound.


Theater is a type of art in which performers enact scenes from stories or plays for an audience. It can be traced back to Ancient Greece, where it was used as a form of entertainment and a way to teach moral lessons. Theater has evolved over the centuries, but its core purpose remains the same: to tell stories that entertain, enlighten, and educate.

There are many different types of theater, from the high-brow Shakespearean stage to the low-brow slapstick comedy. No matter what the style or subject matter, all theater relies on the same basic elements: actors, a story, and an audience. The actors perform the story for the audience, who watch and react to what they see.


Dance is a type of art that typically involves movement of the body, often in a rhythmic and patterned way. It is widely considered a performing art, as it can be performed in front of an audience. Dance can also be used as a form of expression or communication. There are many different types of dance, each with its own history and style. The dance can be done in a variety of ways including classical, modern, and jazz.

Also see Artistic Research

Purpose of Art

The purpose of art is to express oneself and communicate with others. It can also be used to document one’s thoughts and feelings, or to capture a moment in time. Art can be anything from a painting to a sculpture to performance.

Sometimes, artists will create pieces with the intention of capturing a moment in time or recreating a scene from nature. Ultimately, the purpose of any work of art is up to the artist him or herself.

About the author

Muhammad Hassan

Researcher, Academic Writer, Web developer