Writer – Definition, Types and Work Area




Writer is a person who creates written works, such as novels, essays, poems, scripts, and articles, for publication or other forms of dissemination. Writing can be a profession or a hobby, and writers may work in a variety of fields, including journalism, publishing, advertising, and academia.

Types of Writer

  • Fiction Writer: A writer who creates imaginative stories, characters, and settings. Fiction writers can write in many different genres, including romance, mystery, science fiction, and horror.
  • Nonfiction Writer: A writer who writes about real people, events, and topics. Nonfiction writers can write in many different genres, including biography, history, journalism, and self-help.
  • Screenwriter: A writer who creates scripts for movies, television shows, or other forms of visual media. Screenwriters often work in collaboration with directors, producers, and actors to create compelling stories for the screen.
  • Playwright: A writer who creates plays for the stage. Playwrights often work with directors, actors, and designers to create productions that bring their scripts to life.
  • Poet: A writer who uses language to create evocative and emotional works of art. Poets often focus on themes such as love, nature, and the human experience.
  • Technical Writer: A writer who creates documentation, manuals, and other technical materials. Technical writers often work in fields such as engineering, software development, and healthcare.
  • Copywriter: A writer who creates advertising and marketing materials, such as slogans, advertisements, and brochures. Copywriters often work in advertising agencies, marketing departments, or as freelancers.
  • Freelance Writer: A writer who works on a project-by-project basis, often for multiple clients. Freelance writers can work in any genre or field, and may specialize in a particular area of writing.
  • Ghostwriter: A writer who is hired to write a book, article, or other piece of content that is credited to someone else. Ghostwriters may work with celebrities, politicians, or other public figures.
  • Blogger: A writer who creates content for blogs, websites, and social media platforms. Bloggers can write about any topic, and often work independently or as part of a team.
  • Journalist: A writer who reports news and current events for newspapers, magazines, websites, or broadcast media. Journalists may specialize in a particular area, such as politics, sports, or entertainment.
  • Travel Writer: A writer who writes about their experiences and observations while traveling. Travel writers may work for travel magazines, blogs, or guidebooks.
  • Academic Writer: A writer who produces scholarly works, such as research papers, dissertations, and academic articles. Academic writers often work in universities or research institutions.
  • Speechwriter: A writer who creates speeches for public figures, such as politicians, executives, or celebrities. Speechwriters may work in politics, corporate communications, or entertainment.
  • Children’s Writer: A writer who creates books or stories for children. Children’s writers may specialize in picture books, chapter books, or young adult novels.
  • Biographer: A writer who researches and writes about the life and accomplishments of a particular person. Biographers may work independently or as part of a team.
  • Comic Book Writer: A writer who creates stories for comic books, graphic novels, or other illustrated media. Comic book writers often work with artists to create visually engaging stories.
  • Poet Laureate: An official poet appointed by a government or institution to represent and promote poetry. Poet laureates may perform at public events and write poems on specific topics or themes.
  • Literary Critic: A writer who analyzes and evaluates literature, such as books, plays, and poems. Literary critics may write reviews for newspapers, magazines, or academic publications.
  • Songwriter: A writer who creates lyrics or music for songs. Songwriters may work in collaboration with musicians or performers to create songs for albums, films, or other media.
  • Content Writer: A writer who creates content for websites, blogs, and social media platforms. Content writers may specialize in a particular industry or topic, such as health and wellness, technology, or finance.
  • Food Writer: A writer who writes about food and dining, including restaurant reviews, recipes, and culinary trends. Food writers may work for newspapers, magazines, or online publications.
  • Sports Writer: A writer who covers sports news and events for newspapers, magazines, or online publications. Sports writers may specialize in a particular sport or team.
  • Humorist: A writer who creates humorous essays, articles, or books. Humorists may work independently or as part of a team, and may specialize in satire, parody, or observational humor.
  • Technical Writer: A writer who creates technical documentation, such as user manuals, instruction manuals, and software documentation. Technical writers may work in industries such as engineering, software development, and healthcare.
  • Screenplay Writer: A writer who creates scripts for movies or television shows. Screenplay writers may work independently or as part of a team, and must be able to convey a story in a visual medium.
  • Critic: A writer who evaluates and analyzes various forms of media, such as books, movies, music, and art. Critics may work independently or for newspapers, magazines, or online publications.
  • Essayist: A writer who creates essays, which are typically short pieces of prose that explore a particular topic or theme. Essayists may work in any genre or field.
  • Novelist: A writer who creates works of fiction, typically longer in length than short stories. Novelists may work in any genre or field, and must be able to sustain a narrative over a longer period of time.

Examples of Writers

Here are some examples of writers from different time periods and genres:

  • William Shakespeare – English playwright and poet, considered one of the greatest writers in the English language. Famous works include “Romeo and Juliet,” “Hamlet,” and “Macbeth.”
  • Jane Austen – English novelist, known for her witty social commentary and romantic novels such as “Pride and Prejudice” and “Sense and Sensibility.”
  • Ernest Hemingway – American novelist and short-story writer, known for his spare and concise writing style. Famous works include “The Old Man and the Sea,” “A Farewell to Arms,” and “The Sun Also Rises.”
  • Toni Morrison – American novelist and essayist, known for her powerful explorations of African American experiences. Famous works include “Beloved,” “The Bluest Eye,” and “Song of Solomon.”
  • Gabriel Garcia Marquez – Colombian novelist, known for his magical realism style. Famous works include “One Hundred Years of Solitude,” “Love in the Time of Cholera,” and “Chronicle of a Death Foretold.”
  • J.K. Rowling – British author, known for her hugely successful Harry Potter series. Other works include “The Casual Vacancy” and “The Cuckoo’s Calling” (under the pen name Robert Galbraith).
  • Langston Hughes – American poet and writer, known for his contributions to the Harlem Renaissance movement. Famous works include “The Weary Blues,” “Montage of a Dream Deferred,” and “Not Without Laughter.”
  • Virginia Woolf – English novelist and essayist, known for her modernist style and exploration of gender roles. Famous works include “Mrs. Dalloway,” “To the Lighthouse,” and “A Room of One’s Own.”
  • Edgar Allan Poe – American writer and poet, known for his dark and macabre tales. Famous works include “The Raven,” “The Tell-Tale Heart,” and “The Fall of the House of Usher.”
  • Maya Angelou – American poet, memoirist, and civil rights activist, known for her autobiographical work “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings” and her poetry collections such as “And Still I Rise” and “Phenomenal Woman.”

What Do Writers Do

The specific tasks that writers engage in vary depending on their area of focus and the type of writing they are doing, but some common tasks include:

  • Research: Many writers spend a considerable amount of time researching their topics or subjects to ensure accuracy and credibility.
  • Brainstorming: Writers often need to come up with ideas and plan out their writing before starting the actual writing process.
  • Writing: The bulk of a writer’s job is creating written content. This can involve drafting, revising, and editing their work to ensure it is of high quality.
  • Editing and proofreading: Once a writer has completed a draft, they typically spend time revising and editing it to ensure it is clear, concise, and error-free.
  • Submitting work: Many writers submit their work to publishers, literary agents, or websites to get their work published or featured.
  • Promoting their work: Once published, writers often need to promote their work through social media, book signings, and other events.

What Skills Must a Writer Have

A good writer must possess a variety of skills to be successful in their craft. Here are some key skills that writers should have:

  • Excellent Writing Skills: Writers must have a strong command of grammar, syntax, spelling, and vocabulary. They should be able to write clearly and effectively, and be able to adapt their writing style to different audiences.
  • Creativity: Writing requires a certain level of creativity, as writers must be able to come up with new ideas and fresh perspectives to engage readers.
  • Research Skills: Writers must be able to research effectively, to gather information and facts that are relevant to their writing. They should also know how to evaluate sources to determine their credibility.
  • Time Management: Writers must be able to manage their time effectively, to meet deadlines and produce high-quality work within the given timeframe.
  • Editing and Proofreading Skills: Writers must be able to edit and proofread their own work, as well as the work of others, to ensure that the writing is error-free and flows well.
  • Adaptability: Writers must be adaptable and able to write in a variety of formats and styles, depending on the audience and purpose of the writing.
  • Communication Skills: Writers must be able to communicate effectively, both in writing and verbally, to collaborate with editors, publishers, and other writers.
  • Persistence: Writing can be a challenging and competitive field, and writers must be persistent and determined to succeed.

Where Writers Work

Writers can work in a variety of places depending on their personal preferences, work style, and the nature of their writing. Here are some common places where writers work:

  • Home Office: Many writers work from a dedicated workspace in their own homes. This can include a separate room or a desk in a corner of a shared living space.
  • Libraries: Public and private libraries can be great places for writers to work. They offer a quiet environment, access to research materials, and often have free Wi-Fi.
  • Coffee Shops: Coffee shops and cafes are popular places for writers to work. They offer a relaxed atmosphere, background noise, and caffeine to keep writers energized.
  • Co-Working Spaces: Co-working spaces are shared workspaces where writers can rent a desk or office space. They offer a professional work environment and the opportunity to network with other professionals.
  • Outdoors: Some writers find inspiration in nature and prefer to work outdoors. Parks, beaches, and outdoor cafes can all be great places to work if weather permits.
  • Bookstores: Many bookstores have cafes or quiet areas where writers can work surrounded by books and literary inspiration.
  • Writing Retreats: Writing retreats are specialized locations where writers can go to focus exclusively on their work. These retreats often offer a quiet and peaceful environment with minimal distractions.

How to Become A Writer

Becoming a writer is a journey that involves developing your skills, building your portfolio, and honing your craft. Here are some steps you can take to become a writer:

  • Read widely: To become a writer, it’s important to read extensively across different genres and styles of writing. This will help you understand the mechanics of good writing, the nuances of language, and how other writers have succeeded.
  • Write regularly: Writing is a skill that requires practice. Make a commitment to write every day, even if it’s just for a few minutes. You can start with a journal or blog and work your way up to more complex writing projects.
  • Join a writing community: Join a writing group or online community to connect with other writers, receive feedback on your work, and share your experiences. This can be a great way to find support and inspiration, as well as learn from others.
  • Take writing classes: Consider taking writing classes or workshops to learn new techniques and receive feedback from experienced writers. You can also consider pursuing a degree in creative writing or journalism.
  • Build your portfolio: As you write, create a portfolio of your work that showcases your best writing. This can include samples of different writing styles, such as essays, short stories, or articles.
  • Submit your work: Submit your writing to publications, literary journals, or websites to get your work seen and receive feedback. You can also consider self-publishing your work to gain more exposure.
  • Keep learning: Keep learning and developing your skills as a writer by attending workshops, conferences, and seminars. Stay up-to-date with industry trends and keep practicing your craft.

Famous Writers in History

Writer’s NameEraFamous Work(s)Notable Accomplishments
William ShakespeareElizabethan eraRomeo and Juliet, Hamlet, Macbeth, etc.Considered one of the greatest playwrights in the English language
Jane AustenRegency eraPride and Prejudice, Sense and SensibilityKnown for her witty social commentary and strong female characters
Charles DickensVictorian eraOliver Twist, Great Expectations, etc.Criticized social injustices in Victorian England
Virginia WoolfModernist eraMrs. Dalloway, To the Lighthouse, etc.Pioneered the stream-of-consciousness narrative style
Ernest HemingwayModernist eraThe Old Man and the Sea, For Whom the Bell Tolls, etc.Won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954
F. Scott FitzgeraldJazz Age/Modernist eraThe Great Gatsby, Tender is the NightKnown for his depiction of the American Dream and the Roaring Twenties
William FaulknerModernist eraThe Sound and the Fury, As I Lay DyingWon the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1949
Franz KafkaModernist eraThe Trial, The Metamorphosis, etc.Known for his surreal and absurd stories
George OrwellModernist eraAnimal Farm, 1984Criticized totalitarianism and championed individual freedom
Gabriel Garcia MarquezMagic realism eraOne Hundred Years of Solitude, Love in the Time of CholeraWon the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1982
Toni MorrisonPostmodern eraBeloved, The Bluest EyeThe first African-American woman to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1993
J.K. RowlingContemporary eraHarry Potter seriesCreated one of the best-selling book series in history

About the author

Muhammad Hassan

Researcher, Academic Writer, Web developer