Descriptive vs Experimental Research
Descriptive research and experimental research are two different research approaches used in various fields, such as social sciences, psychology, and marketing. Their differences are as follows:
Descriptive Research is a research approach that involves collecting data to describe a phenomenon or group. The goal of descriptive research is to provide an accurate and detailed picture of a particular population, event, or situation. Descriptive research can be conducted using various methods, such as surveys, observations, and case studies.
Experimental Research, on the other hand, is a research approach that involves manipulating one or more variables to observe the effect on another variable. The goal of experimental research is to establish a cause-and-effect relationship between the variables. Experimental research is typically conducted in a controlled environment and involves random assignment of participants to different groups to ensure that the groups are equivalent. The data is collected through measurements and observations, and statistical analysis is used to test the hypotheses.
Here’s a comparison table that highlights the differences between descriptive research and experimental research:
|Descriptive Research||Experimental Research|
|Definition||Collects data to describe a phenomenon or group||Involves manipulating one or more variables to observe the effect on another variable|
|Goal||To provide an accurate and detailed picture of a particular population, event, or situation||To establish a cause-and-effect relationship between variables|
|Data Collection||Surveys, observations, and case studies||Controlled experiments with random assignment of participants|
|Data Analysis||Descriptive statistics, frequency distributions||Inferential statistics, analysis of variance (ANOVA)|
|Outcome||A detailed description of the phenomenon or group||Causality between variables|
|Example||Describing the demographic characteristics of a population||Testing the effectiveness of a new teaching method on student learning outcomes|
Also see Research Methods