Chemist – Definition, Types Work Area




A chemist is a scientist who studies the composition, structure, properties, and reactions of matter, especially atoms and molecules. They use their knowledge to develop new products or processes in the field of Chemistry.

Chemists use their knowledge of chemical reactions to develop new products and processes or to improve existing ones. They also use their skills to analyze samples of materials to determine their composition and properties. Chemists conduct experiments to test hypotheses about how chemical reactions occur.

Types of Chemists

Some common types of Chemists are as follows:

  • Analytical Chemist
  • Chemical Engineer
  • Chemistry Teacher
  • Forensic Scientist
  • Geochemist
  • Hazardous Waste Chemist
  • Materials Scientist
  • Pharmacologist
  • Toxicologist
  • Water Chemist

Analytical Chemist

An analytical chemist is a scientist who studies the composition of matter and the chemical and physical processes that occur during chemical reactions. They use their knowledge to develop new methods of analysis, to improve existing methods, and to solve problems in areas such as environmental science, forensics, and medicine.

Chemical Engineer

A chemical engineer is someone who applies the principles of chemistry to develop new products or processes. They may work in a variety of industries, such as pharmaceuticals, food and beverage, cosmetics, oil and gas, petrochemicals, renewable energy, and biotechnology.

Chemistry Teacher

A chemistry teacher is someone who teaches chemistry. Chemistry is the study of matter and its properties, structure, and composition. A chemistry teacher typically has a bachelor’s degree in chemistry or a related field. They might also have a teaching license.

Forensic Scientist

Forensic scientist is a trained professional who uses their scientific knowledge to investigate crimes. They use their skills to gather evidence and analyze data to help solve crimes. Forensic scientists often work with law enforcement agencies and are employed by government organizations.


A geochemist is a scientist who studies the chemical composition of the Earth and other planets. They use their knowledge to understand how the Earth works and how it has changed over time. Geochemists work in many different fields, including environmental science, petroleum engineering, and forensic science.

Hazardous Waste Chemist

A hazardous waste chemist is a scientist who studies the effects of hazardous materials on the environment and human health. They work with government agencies and private companies to develop policies and regulations to protect people and the environment from the harmful effects of these materials. Hazardous waste chemists also play an important role in clean-up efforts after environmental disasters such as oil spills.

Materials Scientist

A materials scientist is someone who studies the properties of matter and how those properties can be exploited to create new or improved materials. This can involve developing new alloys, ceramics, glasses, polymers, or semiconductors.

Materials scientists often have a background in chemistry, physics, or engineering, as they need to understand the underlying structure of materials at the atomic level in order to develop new ones. They use their knowledge of Materials Science & Engineering to solve problems in a wide variety of industries, from aerospace to consumer electronics.


A pharmacologist is a medical scientist who studies the effects of drugs and other chemicals on living organisms. They use their knowledge to develop new and better ways to treat disease and improve human health.

Pharmacologists work in a variety of settings, including hospitals, pharmaceutical companies, government agencies, and research laboratories. They often collaborate with other scientists, such as physicians, biologists, and chemists.


A toxicologist is a scientist who studies the effects of chemicals on living organisms. Toxicologists work in a variety of fields, including medicine, environmental science, and forensics. They may study the effects of drugs, pesticides, or other chemicals on the human body or on the environment.

Toxicologists use a variety of techniques to study the effects of chemicals. They may use cell cultures, animal models, or computer simulations. They also may collect data from people who have been exposed to chemicals.

Water Chemist

A water chemist is a scientist who studies the chemical and physical properties of water. They may also study the interaction of water with other substances, such as minerals, chemicals, and living organisms. Water chemists may work in a variety of settings, including laboratories, environmental agencies, and water treatment plants.

What Do Chemists Do

Chemists are trained to think in terms of atoms and molecules, the building blocks of all matter. To a chemist, everything is made of chemicals.

Chemists use their knowledge of chemicals to develop new products and processes. They may work in industries such as pharmaceuticals, food and beverage, cosmetics, or environmental science. In the pharmaceutical industry, chemists develop new medicines and ways to manufacture them more effectively. In the food industry, chemists may work on developing new flavors or improving food safety procedures. Cosmetics chemists create new products or find ways to make existing products better. And environmental chemists work on developing new ways to clean up pollution or to prevent it from happening in the first place.

What Skills Must a Chemist Have

A chemist must have certain skills in order to be successful.

  • They must have excellent critical thinking skills and be able to apply them to solve problems.
  • They must also be able to communicate clearly, both in writing and verbally.
  • Chemists must be good at time management and organization so that they can keep track of their experiments and data.
  • They need to have strong technical skills so that they can use the various instruments and software used in chemistry.

Where Chemists Work

Chemists work in many different fields, including health care, environmental science, and the food and beverage industry. They often work in laboratories and may be responsible for conducting experiments, analyzing data, and writing reports

Most chemists work in private industry, where they develop new products or processes, or they may work in quality control, ensuring that products meet safety and performance standards. Some chemists work in the public sector, conducting research on problems of importance to the government or teaching at the collegiate level.

How to Become A Chemist

Most chemists have at least a bachelor’s degree in chemistry, although some jobs may require a master’s degree or higher.

Here are some tips on how to become a chemist:

  • Get a good foundation in mathematics and science.
  • Keep up with the latest advances in chemistry.
  • Apply for internships or work-study positions at a local university or public research lab to get experience in the field.
  • Complete a bachelor’s degree and get experience in the field.
  • Consider attending graduate school in chemistry if you plan to pursue a career as a researcher.
  • Do well in your chemistry courses.

About the author

Muhammad Hassan

I am Muhammad Hassan, a Researcher, Academic Writer, Web Developer, and Android App Developer. I have worked in various industries and have gained a wealth of knowledge and experience. In my spare time, I enjoy writing blog posts and articles on a variety of Academic topics. I also like to stay up-to-date with the latest trends in the IT industry to share my knowledge with others through my writing.